History of the Morenci Mining District, Greenlee County, Arizona

Smelter of the Detroit Copper Mining Co., ca. 1896.

The definitive mining history of Arizona’s iconic Morenci mining district by geologist David Briggs is now available online at  This 76-p manuscript with 41 illustrations exhaustively examines  mining activity in the Morenci area from 1870 to 2015.

From DISCOVERY 1863-1872

‘During the early 1870s, prospectors who first ventured into the area that would become the Morenci mining district found evidence of primitive excavations at the site. Although Native Americans did not attempt to smelt the colorful copper-bearing oxides extracted from these ancient mine workings, it appears they used these minerals as pigments in their pottery and for other decorative purposes (Colquhoun, 1924).

The first record of copper mineralization near Morenci appears in a report prepared by soldiers of General Carleton’s Regiment of California Volunteers, who camped near the junction of Chase Creek and San Francisco River for a few days in January 1863 (Watt, 1956). While there, they noted the presence of strong copper oxide staining on numerous outcrops that lined the slopes along Chase Creek and named the area Copper Mountain. Scouting parties also discovered placer gold along tributaries of the Rio Prieta, now known as Eagle Creek, in concentrations that ran as high as “forty cents (i.e. 0.02 troy ounces) to the pan” (Cogut and Conger, 1999a).

After learning of this discovery, Henry Clifton, the recorder of the Hassayampa mining district near Prescott, Arizona led a prospecting party to search for gold along the Gila and San Francisco rivers during 1864. Although the party also noted the presence of copper along Chase Creek, the remote location and hostilities with Apaches made further development imprudent at that time. ‘

Posted 11/29/2016 MC
Phoenix Area

The rubes are onto us!

The New York Times is trying to figure out how to avoid getting FoxNewsed by the Alt-Media:

The last year has turned the United States into a country of information addicts who compulsively check the television, the smartphone and the good old-fashioned newspaper with a burning question: What fresh twist could our national election drama and its executive producer, Donald J. Trump, possibly have in store for us now?

No doubt about it: Campaign 2016 has been a smash hit.

And to the news media have gone the spoils. With Mr. Trump providing must-see TV theatrics, cable news has drawn record audiences. Newspapers have reached online readership highs that would have been unimaginable just a few years ago.

On Wednesday comes the reckoning.

The election news bubble that’s about to pop has blocked from plain view the expanding financial sinkhole at the center of the paper-and-ink branch of the news industry, which has recently seen a print advertising plunge that was “much more precipitous, to be honest with you, than anybody expected a year or so ago,” as The Wall Street Journal editor in chief Gerard Baker told me on Friday.

Papers including The Journal, The New York Times, The Guardian, the Gannett publications and others have responded with plans to reorganize, shed staff, kill off whole sections, or all of the above.

Taken together, it means another rapid depletion in the nation’s ranks of traditionally trained journalists whose main mission is to root out corruption, hold the powerful accountable and sort fact from fiction for voters.

It couldn’t be happening at a worse moment in American public life. The internet-borne forces that are eating away at print advertising are enabling a host of faux-journalistic players to pollute the democracy with dangerously fake news items.

In the last couple of weeks, Facebook, Twitter and other social media outlets have exposed millions of Americans to false stories asserting that: the Clinton campaign’s pollster, Joel Benenson, wrote a secret memo detailing plans to “salvage” Hillary Clinton’s candidacy by launching a radiological attack to halt voting (merrily shared on Twitter by Roger Stone, an informal adviser to the Trump campaign); the Clinton campaign senior strategist John Podesta practiced an occult ritual involving various bodily fluids; Mrs. Clinton is paying public pollsters to skew results (shared on Twitter by Donald Trump Jr.); there is a trail of supposedly suspicious deaths of myriad Clinton foes (which The Times’s Frank Bruni heard repeated in a hotel lobby in Ohio).

As Mike Cernovich, a Twitter star, alt-right news provocateur and promoter of Clinton health conspiracies, boasted in last week’s New Yorker, “Someone like me is perceived as the new Fourth Estate.” His content can live alongside that of The Times or The Boston Globe or The Washington Post on the Facebook newsfeed and be just as well read, if not more so. On Saturday he called on a President Trump to disband the White House press corps.

He may not have to. All you have to do is look at the effect of the Gannett cuts on its Washington staff, which Politico recently likened to a “blood bath.”

So, they’re going to win by cutting back on staff and lying about the competition. That sounds like a strategy for certain success!

The total ineptitude of the conservative movement can really only be understood by the ease with which the Alt-Right is competing with them despite a complete imbalance of resources, numbers, and awareness. But conservatives were always too interested in dialectic and making nice to ever have any hope of beating the mainstream media at its own game.

Can you imagine how the Alt-Right would have handled the Lewinsky scandal? Instead of huffing indignantly about “the dignity of the office” and attacking Republicans who also had affairs, there would have been a positive torrent of horrifically pornographic memes starring Bill Clinton. I’ll go so far as to suggest that if the Alt-Right had been around then, Bill Clinton would have been forced to resign.

Speaking of the Alt-Right and Mike Cernovich, EveryJoe has the most substantive review of Mike’s MAGA Mindset that I’ve seen yet:

Back in mid-October, the prospect of a Donald Trump presidency was considered outlandish by the mainstream media. Virtually every major polling organization had predicted that Hillary Clinton would emerge victorious in nothing short of a landslide of epic proportions, condemning Trump’s campaign to a fate as an embarrassing political footnote.

Also in mid-October, author Mike Cernovich and editor Vox Day published the audaciously-titled MAGA Mindset: Making YOU and America Great Again. A book that alternates between political prognostication and self-help reaffirmation, MAGA Mindset confidently describes the rumbling sociocultural landscape that helped form the framework for Trump’s eventual victory.

One does not need to read tea leaves to predict how such a bold move could have spelled disaster for Cernovich’s career; while he had already established himself as a powerful social media bellwether for the New Right movement, authoring a pro-Trump manifesto on the eve of his defeat would forever arm his mainstream media nemeses with concrete evidence of Cernovich’s analytical myopia.

It is this intrepidness on behalf of Cernovich and Day – the MAGA mindset, as it were – that imbues the book’s premise with an indelible potency.

In a self-effacing origin story of sorts, Cernovich calls himself a “dumb hick from flyover country” who “should not have amounted to much.” Now, though, he has become famous (or infamous, depending on whom you ask) as the founder of website Danger & Play and as an outspoken Twitter user who coined hashtags #HillarysHealth, #HidingHillary, et al. With 166,000 followers and counting, Cernovich estimates that his account receives over 100 million impressions monthly.

The juxtaposition of these two mentions of Cernovich illustrate the fundamental problem the mainstream media is facing. They have to cover him. He’s too big to ignore. But they can’t resist the urge to attack, marginalize, and belittle, thereby completely missing everything about why people are paying attention to him in the first place.

Consider how many stories they’ve done about Hillary Clinton’s unexpected defeat and why the pollsters got it wrong. And yet, even when they begrudingly mentioned an individual who was predicting the precise opposite of everything they expected at the time, they only portrayed him as “promoter of Clinton health conspiracies”, not someone who had been predicting a Trump victory since 2015.

That is why they are destined to be the irrelevant news, until they finally disappear altogether. They either don’t know, or simply don’t care, what people are actually interested in reading about. Worse, they act as if we can’t tell what they’re doing. Notice how Cernovich “boasts” when he is simply telling a reporter the facts, whereas when John Scalzi blatantly lied to a New York Times reporter about his site traffic, he was “affable” and “comfortable with the business of promotion” and “adept at generating buzz.”

Do they really think we don’t notice?

tank you

Tags: ,

Guide to the Geology of Sedona & Oak Creek Canyon, Arizona
Sedona’s Red Rock country includes some of the most spectacular scenery to be found in Arizona.

AZGS’ Down-To-Earth booklet, ‘A Guide to the Geology of the Sedona & Oak Creek Canyon Area, Arizona’ by John Bezy describes and illustrates just how that landscape formed. The booklet, which is free to download, includes 44 pages with maps, satellite images and more than 25 photos and illustrations. Since Tuesday more than 400 people have visited the site:

From author John Bezy’s introduction: The Sedona-Oak Creek Canyon area offers some of the most unique and spectacular geologic features in northern Arizona. Because of the relatively sparse vegetation most of these features are easy to recognize and photograph.

Some of these geologic features are common on the Colorado Plateau of northern Arizona, western Colorado, southern Utah, and northeastern New Mexico. Others occur in many other parts of the American Southwest. This booklet is your field guide to the geology of this magnificent landscape of red rock pinnacles, buttes, mesas and canyons. All of the geologic features described in the text can be reached by short walks from Highways 89A and 79, Road 78, and from U.S. Forest Service roads. This booklet is written for the visitor who has an interest in geology, but who may not have had formal training in the subject. It may also help assure that the visiting geologist does not overlook some of the features described.

Posted 11/10/2016 by M. Conway
Phoenix Area

UA-Based AZGS Is Making Noise About Earthquakes

Collapsed cathedral in Sonora, MX. (Courtesy of Arizona Historical Society

Earthquakes happen in Arizona. Robin Tricoles of UA Communications provides a rundown on the efforts of AZGS to monitor and interpret earthquake activity in Arizona.

“The goal is to monitor the areas and try to figure out where the active faults are, the seismicity that’s occurring and how much ground shaking occurs when we do have an event,” says Jeri Y. Ben-Horin, research geologist with the AZGS, now based at the University of Arizona. “It takes many decades to figure out what the seismicity looks like for a particular state or region.”

“However, scientists do know that some parts of Arizona are at higher risk for earthquakes than others, with Yuma being one of them, followed by the Flagstaff-Prescott area, says Phil Pearthree, AZGS interim director. In fact, the Flagstaff-Prescott area has experienced many moderate earthquakes with magnitudes up to 6.2.”

You can read Robin’s UA NEWS article here:

Posted 10/18 MC

Phoenix Area

A tale of three reviews

Bestselling SF author Christopher Nuttall reviews MAGA MINDSET: Making YOU and America Great Again:

MAGA Mindset is not specifically about Trump, although – as you might have guessed – it discusses Trump and his appeal in some detail. Instead, it is a background study of the present-day cultural conflict – I would really call it a civil war – within America and, in at least some aspects, the rest of the West. Such an assessment is long overdue, yet often lacking. Politics, as always, cast a long shadow over any such assessment….

One can only be defeated if one accepts defeat. Trump’s success comes from two factors – the willingness to dream big and the willingness to keep going, even after setbacks. He is correct in many ways – but Big Government works hard to make it difficult. Fighting them can be immensely demoralising. But we have to carry on regardless.

This is a historic election. And this book goes quite some way towards explaining why.

Even if you don’t like Trump, even if you recoil in horror at the thought of President Trump taking office next year, you need to read this book.

Speaking of politics, It’s always cute when fake reviewers try to guess what the book is about, and guess wrong:

Used to be a long time reader of Mike and his blog; this book lacked any real evidence as to why Trump and his policies are and actually will be effective if he were to win the 2016. This book completely ignores the discussion of policy and instead focuses on “mindset” techniques that have been rehashed from Gorilla Mindset and his previous blog postings. If Donald Trump loses, this entire book and Mike will lose credibility, proving that Mike has become nothing more than a sheep for the alt-right movement / manosphere.

Notice a theme with these one-star “reviewers”?

I’m a long time reader of Cernovich’s excellent blog, and I’ve purchased and enjoyed his previous books. It saddens me the way the entire “manosphere” has latched onto the odious Donald Trump, swallowing his garbage hook line and sinker. Cernovich claims to be “journalist” now, but in reality he is nothing but a Trump cheerleader, repeating the usual Trump conspiracy theories (Clinton has Parkinsons, election is rigged, etc). If you like Trump, you will probably like this book. Honestly, even if I did like Trump this would be a pretty pathetic effort.

I’m always sorry to see one of our writers disappoint a long time reader[sic] in this way.

tank you

4,278 Blog Posts & Counting! Lee Allison first started the ‘Arizona Geology: blog of the State Geologist of Arizona’ in 2007 and faithfully posted until his death on 16 August 2016.  In nine years, Lee posted 4,278 blog posts. The content ranged widely from geologic news of the Arizona Geological Survey, to the moratorium on mining in the Arizona Strip, to regional, national and international events impacting the geosciences. Recent posts focused on the changing circumstances of the Survey as we transferred from state government to the University of Arizona.

One of Lee’s most heartfelt projects was communicating advances in the geosciences far and wide. To honor Lee, AZGS staff will continue his Arizona Geology blog. We’ll involve multiple bloggers addressing their passion for geoscience.

The Arizona Geology blog will always bear the indelible fingerprints of Lee Allison. And that is as it should be.

Our Arizona Geology e-Newsletter has an article on Lee and some of his accomplishments.

AZGS Staff
Phoenix Area

The decline and fall of Angela Merkel

Germans continue to turn away from Angela Merkel and the CDU:

German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party suffered a bruising loss in Berlin state elections Sunday while the right-wing populist AfD gained fresh support, capitalising on anger over her open-door refugee policy.

The anti-Islam Alternative for Germany party won over 12 percent, according to public broadcasters’ projections, in the capital which has long prided itself on being a hip, diverse and multicultural city.

The strong AfD result, thanks to support especially in the vast tower block districts in Berlin’s former communist east, meant it has now won opposition seats in 10 of Germany’s 16 states, a year ahead of national elections.

Merkel’s centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) won just 18 percent — its worst post-war result in the city, before or after the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall — likely spelling the end of its term as junior coalition partner to the Social Democrats (SPD), who won around 22 percent.

It’s not as if things are going to get better for the CDU if they don’t promptly return all of the migrants who have invaded Germany over the last year.

tank you

Zinc-lead-silver mineral deposit discovered in SE Arizona
The Arizona Mining Inc. just announced a major new zinc discovery in southern Arizona. The company’s Hermosa Project is a zinc-lead-silver deposit that rivals other world-class deposits. Arizona Mining plans to release a preliminary economic assessment for the project in the first quarter of 2017.

The Hermosa Project is situated on 17,500 acres in Santa Cruz County just north of the U.S.-Mexico frontier. First discovered in 2015, the zinc-lead-silver sulfide inferred resource includes 39.4 million tonnes at 11.04% zinc equivalent, and 235 million ounces of measured and indicated (M&I) silver resources. M&I manganese reserves approach 10 billion pounds.

An aggressive drilling program is filling in the holes on the distribution and grade of the mineral resource. The Arizona Mining Co. plans to complete their site feasibility study by the end of 2017.

For more information,

Uses of Zinc (Zn): Zinc joins iron, aluminum, and copper as one of most consumed metals by human society. Zinc has strong anticorrosive properties and readily form chemical bonds with other metals. ½ of all zinc goes into zinc galvanizing to prevent rusting of iron or steel.

Zinc is combined with copper to form brass, and with other metals, to form alloys used in automobiles, electrical components, and household fixtures. Zinc oxide is used in rubber manufacturing and as a protective skin ointment.

Note: ‘Arizona Mining Inc. is a Canadian mineral exploration and development company focused on the exploration and development of its 100% owned Hermosa Project located in Santa Cruz County, Arizona.

Image courtesy of Arizona Mining.
Post by M. Conway
Phoenix Area

Jason Hills Modern Art

Phoenix exploration –

52 original works of art on display and available for purchase
+ two signed & numbered, limited edition serigraph prints…

Also check his work out at:
Jason Hill Gallery on Modern Phoenix

Jason Hill Design Gallery

His works would be amazing in any contemporary home, or historic for that matter! I just love em, so I had to share. a modern home


The Phoenix of Egyptian mythology, symbolizing high virtue, power, and prosperity, was consumed by fire and eternally rose anew from its ashes. It is fitting then that the founding principals of Phoenix Exploration Company each rose to success in the energy industry; obat perangsang wanita joined initially at Gryphon Exploration Company, and reassembled at Phoenix Exploration, accelerated by a focused mission, significant intellectual capital, and unwavering values.